Category Archives: ADHD

Magnesium Supplementation in Children Diagnosed with ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common, early-onset and enduring neuropsychiatric disorder characterised primarily by inappropriate deficits in attention, hyperactivity, increased impulsivity and emotional deregulation - impairing multiple domains of professional and personal life. Evidence for dietary and nutritional treatments of ADHD varies widely. The mineral magnesium is necessary for sufficient brain function and...
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Serotonin: New Insights into ADHD

Candidate pathways for any condition may be identified based on effectiveness of pharmacological agents and their target molecules. In ADHD Ritalin and Concerta (methylphenidate) are used as first line treatments. These medications mainly act on dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA) systems; the neurotransmitter, serotonin, is not their direct target. Interestingly, 30 percent of ADHD cases...
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Updates: Omega 3 Fatty Acids and ADHD

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) disorder is one of the most prevalent developmental childhood disorders with a world wide prevalence rate of 5.29 percent. It is characterised by the inability to concentrate over a long period of time, to pay attention to tasks and to control impulsive and hyperactive behaviour. Despite convincing evidence for the efficacy of pharmacologic...
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ADHD and Iron Deficiency

Theoretical considerations suggest that iron deficiency (ID) may play a role in the pathophysiology of ADHD, at least in a subgroup of patients. The ID hypothesis is grounded on several lines of evidence. (i)    Iron is a coenzyme necessary for synthesis and catabolism of monoaminergic neurotransmitters that are implicated in ADHD pathophysiology. (ii)  ID is associated with decreased...
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Omega 3 Fatty Acids and ADHD

Whether ADHD may be related to inadequate bioavailability of omega 3 fatty acids, or that it may be improved by dietary supplementation, has drawn increasing interest, due to the growing awareness of the role of nutrition in neural development, and, potentially in ADHD. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) exist in two classes: Omega 3 (n-3) and...
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